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Gordon J. Callon


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Music 1253 Worksheet no. 13
Dictionaries, Encyclopaedia, and other Reference Books: Part 4, Specialty Reference Books

The purpose of Worksheets 13, 14, and 15 is to help the student become familiar with the types of specialty reference sources available, the types of material covered in them, the extent and depth of coverage in each, and their relative merits.
Students are advised to make special note of sources which are of particular value, and to note those which are of less value. Special features of each reference source also should be noted.
It should soon become apparent that no single, or even a few sources, can be expected to provide complete information on any topic.

* Articles in a language other than English can be very helpful, even if the reader cannot read the language. Often there is information-such as illustrations, musical examples, lists of works, and bibliographies-for which the actual language is not needed. Frequently much can be figured out after reading several English definitions and explanations and simply applying the information.
 
 
* Note: In each of the following, when definitions are required, put the definition into your own words (paraphrase). Avoid simply quoting. Be as brief as possible.
 
  If it is necessary to quote even a small fragment, be sure to use quotation marks always.
 

Specialty Terminology

  1. In the box below, provide a brief yet thorough description or explanation of the term assigned to you according to the following directions. This definition must be within the context of music before 1700.
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[If you are using a printed version of this Worksheet, do each question on the reverse of the sheets of paper.]

Selection:

To keep the search interesting, each student in the class will describe or explain a different term.

To ensure this, each student will select the name from the list below that begins with the same one, two, or three letters as the first one, two, or three letters of the student's Last name.

Select as many letters as possible. If this is not successful, select another useful letter of the alphabet, closest to the correct letter. [For example, I would search for terms that begin Ca.... If this did not work, I would then search for a term beginning Ce... (etc.).]

Worksheet 13 Top

Explain this in practical terms, rather than simply quoting or paraphrasing a strictly historical definition.

Be as complete, precise, and concise as possible. (Be sure to provide adequate information in proportion to the point value of this item of the Worksheet.)

In addition to providing a definition or description of the term, be sure to comment on the musical context, or uses, of the term, within the time period before 1700. If appropriate, show how this is used in music notation. It is best to include the names of one or more composers and pieces that represent or illustrate the term described.

To prepare the answer to this question, look at more than three independent sources.

Your answer should be a combination of the answers in these sources.

* If suitable material is not available in three or more dictionaries, encyclopaedias, and other reference sources, you may find it necessary to look in monographs (text books) or even in journals about the subject assigned to you. This is where bibliographies with articles in reference sources are very helpful.
 
 

Possible Terms:
Achtlieder-Buch
Ad organum faciendum
Alarm
Anenu
Arvit
Aulúdus
Azla
Badhan
Baladin
Barekhu
Barukh She'amar
Baylar
Beata Mater
Bellicum
Breaking [as in Divisions]
Brummen
Butta in Sella
Canti B
Carpea
Catling
Chapas
Clerizon
Conjunctives
Crusma
Darga
Despidida Tune
Donadello
Drong
Eli Tziyon
Este's Psalter
Farinel's Ground
Feast of Fools
Filibustacchina
Formula Missae
Geresh
Gingeriator
Glogauer Liederbuch
Grogger
Gurgana
Halil
Harigot
Hazzan-bass-singer
Hineni Heani
Hutchet
Iltur
Jubé
Kabbalat Shabbat
Keren
Lahan
Lekha Dodi
Macaronic Verse
Marot-Bèze Psalter
Mahzor
Maoz Tzur
Marschallik
Mi Sheberah
Moduloscropus
Monta in sella
Mostra
Musica Deo Sacra
Negginot
Ne'im Zemirot Yisra'el
Nervo
Niggun
Nonupla
Oberkantor
Parola
Pashta
Pazer
Pizmon
Polyplectra
Psik
Relation Inharmonical
Rikkud
Scarbova
Schulklopfer [Schulklopper]
Scottish Psalter
Shaharit
Shirah
Sternhold and Hopkins Psalter
Te'amim
Ugab
Valet de la feste
Vollech
Whiffler
Yekum Purkan Mode
Yishtabah Mode
Yovayl
Zemirot
Zogachts

Put your explanation in the box below. [The box will scroll to make room for extra text.]



  1. Using short titles, in the box below cite at least three independent sources for information concerning the term assigned to you (including, of course, those you used to answer the question). [If you cannot find three independent sources, please consult with the instructor of the course.]
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* Note: In all cases, indicate the exact location of your source of information. On this worksheet, provide this citation as a short title. Short title references are normally used in Footnotes (not in Bibliographies).
 
 

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Last updated: 24 August 2005.
Copyright © 2005 by Gordon J. Callon. All rights reserved. e-mail: gcallon @ ca.inter.net or gordon.callon @ acadiau.ca
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